Hair loss causes, hair loss cure 2020
Hair loss can occur due to seasonal changes, stress, iron deficiency, hormone disorders. However, long-term hair loss can be one of the symptoms of serious diseases. Seasonal changes, stress, iron deficiency and hormone disorders can cause hair loss. However, long hair loss can be caused by serious illnesses. Memorial Health Group Dermatology Department Experts gave information about hair loss and its treatment.
What is Hair Loss?
A healthy scalp has an average of 100,000 hair, and an average of 100-150 hair loss per day is considered normal in adults due to bathing and screening. Hair loss; hormonal and nutritional factors can occur due to exposure to chemicals, genetic predisposition, systemic diseases, hair development disorders, drugs, psychological stress and scalp diseases. Hair loss in a healthy person can last up to 2 years. The fact that the repeated hair loss time 3 times a year exceeds 2 months may be a precursor to some serious diseases or require specialist assistance. Hair loss usually starts 3-4 months after the trigger factor and these factors can return to normal after 6-12 months after treatment.
The lifetime of each hair is roughly three. The growth phase is the longest-lasting stage, at this stage, hair extends by 1 cm per month on average. The hair that completes this phase then enters the rest phase lasting several weeks. After this stage, which lasts an average of 2-3 weeks, it will enter the hair loss phase. Hair entering the spillage phase loses its connection to the hair follicle and is spilled within 2-4 months. This time can be further shortened but not extended by scanning, brushing, washing operations made to the hair. At the end of this period, even if nothing is done to the hair, the hair will slip away. Instead of spilled hair, new hair is produced from the hair follicle.
This cycle lasts a lifetime. It is not clear what stage the appearance of the hair is at, and in any period of time, 85-90% of the hair is in the growth phase, 1-2% in the rest phase, 10-15% in the spill phase. The logic of normal acceptance of “100” hair loss spills on days without bathing comes in the physiology of the hair described above. Knowing these stages is also important to understand why treatment takes a long time in hair loss.
Why Does Hair Loss Happen?
Every hair available has a cycle of life. Each hair lives for 4-6 years, then rests and then falls out. Hair loss in this way is an extremely natural process and 50-100 wire hair loss per day is considered normal. If more of this number is spilled, if the amount of hair handing over while bathing has increased, or if we take 3-5 hairs when we manually pull the washed-up hair, this situation should be taken seriously. There may be many different reasons for hair loss. The important thing is to determine this cause and to receive appropriate treatment.
- Genetic factors
The causes of hair loss in men and women are different. Hair loss in men is usually genetic and male type hormone-sensitive hair loss, which is more than 50% of society. This type of hair loss is chronic. As age progresses, baldness develops and may ultimately require hair transplantation. Supplementation treatments started at an early age slow the rate of mesotherapies and PRP treatment. Prolongs the time to go bald.
Such spills are also seen in women. Especially people with baldness problems in their family are at risk of hair loss. Male hair loss, which is 16-18 years old, is seen in more young girls. The reasons for this situation are excessive stress, unbalanced diet, prolonged starvation and hormonal problems. In the female type, success rates can be increased by adding hormonal treatments as well as in a treatment like in men.
- Skin problems
Skin and internal diseases can also cause hair loss. Most skin-induced spills occur when diseases holding the skin affect the scalp. If hair is affected in ailments such as psoriasis, eczema, acne, lichen disease, over-lubricated skin, fungal diseases, spills may be inevitable. Treatment of these spills is possible with the treatment of underlying skin disease.
- Improper eating habits
Hair loss due to nutritional causes is another common factor. After all, hair is a living organ, and it needs to be blooded. Not eating regularly and balanced, consuming long-term fasting, uniform nutrition and foods with high carbohydrate content can ultimately affect and shed hair. Treatment is extremely practical and it is important to start a balanced diet.
- Vitamin and mineral deficiency
Although there is no nutritional problem, the lack of vitamins and minarets necessary for hair is another cause that sheds hair. If vitamins and minerals such as B12, vitamin D, folic acid, biotin, zinc, iron are low, the hair cannot be fed and spilled. Even when there is no iron low, iron supplementation reduces hair loss. In these cases, the supplementation of the deficiency must be addressed by applying to a specialist.
- Hormonal problems
If there are hormonal problems in the person, menstrual delays or irregularities, hair growth, excessive acne, acceleration in weight gain, hair loss can be mentioned this time. Dermatologist should be consulted to determine the source of these problems by blood analysis to be carried out on the 2nd or 3rd day of menstruation. Hormonal treatments are effective in this type of shedding.
- Some internal diseases and drug use
Some internal diseases; thyroid gland diseases or drugs used for these diseases, rheumatic diseases, hormones used, slimming pills, adrenal gland diseases, insulin resistance, diabetes, birth control pills and sometimes these control pills other causes that shed hair. This situation must be thoroughly investigated by the examinations and examinations to be carried out by specialist doctors.
If a sudden hair loss has begun, the surgeries that have been undergone three months ago may be among the causes that should be considered for fever diseases, drug toxicities, blood loss, severe trauma.
- Birth and chemotherapy process
Other than all this, there are two specific hair loss causes.
-One is the spills of pospartum, which begins 2-3 months after birth. It is caused by the sudden loss of hair that needs to be shed during pregnancy but has not been shed. Reinforcements under expert control contribute to the elimination of discomfort in this regard.
-Another is hair loss in patients receiving chemotherapy. In recent years, with the use of more modern drugs, these sheddings are less common, but it is already prone to self-recovery when treatment is completed.
- Cosmetic factors
Increasing cosmetic habits are other factors that cause mechanical chemical and physical hair loss. In other words, tight-fitting hair, inner bonnets, blow-by-blow procedures exposed to excessive heat, dyes, openers, straightening methods used to turn on hair color cause hair loss by damaging the hair from the outside. In this case, the only treatment is to prevent the exposure of hair to these applications. Applying the necessary supplements and maintenance procedures for the hair ensures that the desired appearance is restored.
- Stress and depression
Excessive stress is another cause that causes hair loss as much as any disease. Depression, anxiety, psychosis and the drugs used in their treatment can affect and cause hair loss.
Hair is a live organ that can be affected by many factors in daily life in a short time. In light of this information, when something is not right in one’s life, the individual should first comb himself and then seek help from a dermatologist if necessary. Because misdirection from the environment and ear-filling information can cause patients to waste time. If there is an important underlying cause, there may be a delay in diagnosis and treatment. Other than that, masks and mixtures applied unconsciously with the idea of preventing hair loss and ensuring the re-emergence of the lost hair can cause irreversible damage by damaging the hair.
Hair Loss Types
-Male Pattern Hair Loss
Hair loss, which occurs on genetic background under the influence of androgens, is called “Androgenetic hair loss”. It occurs in about half of men and 20-25% of women. Although patients occasionally say that hair loss is exacerbated, it is usually a sneaky spill that is contrary to telogeneous hair loss and sits on the table over the years. Sometimes patients realize that their hair is thinner rather than hair loss. Basically, the hair is thinon the top of the hair, and a dilution is noticed relative to the back of the hair. Especially in women, it is difficult to diagnose in the early stages and can be easily confused with tables that go with other hair loss. It should be known that treatment will take years.
- Hair Breaking Type Hair Loss
Alopecia areata; It is a commonly observed disease characterized by round, completely hairless areas of different diameters, which occur suddenly. He is popularly known as “the “fringer”; however, contrary to the evoking of his name, it is not fungal disease and has no infectious properties. It can be seen not only in the hair, but also in the beard area. It usually declines with treatment within a few months or years. If your hair loss continues, don’t underestimate it. It is very important to consult a dermatologist in continuous spills, to be examined and to take the necessary tests and go to the treatment path.
- Hair Loss Due to Thyroid Hormones
In the case of thyroid gland, i.e. hypothyroidism, common hair loss or loss of body hair can be seen. After thyroid hormone therapy, hair begins to return to its normal state in an average of 8 weeks. Permanent root loss develops in long-term hypothyroidism and the work of the thyroid gland, i.e. hyperthyroidism, may be the cause of hair loss.
- Hair Loss Due to Vitamin Deficiency
Hair loss may start, especially from the 1-4th month of childbirth due to hormonal changes and usually lasts less than 6 months. In female patients, especially when there are problems such as dilution, acne, menstrual irregularity, hair growth in the front areas of hair, it is necessary to control the level of sex hormones. In diffuse, 70% of women who complain of hair loss covering all hair skin have iron deficiency. Even the reduction of iron stores alone without anemia can cause hair loss.
Zinc, biotin, vitamin B12, folic acid deficiency and vitamin D deficiency also cause hair loss. Hair loss can occur about 1-6 months after starting strict diets. Decreased protein stores in the body lead to insufficient protein production and hair loss in hair cells. Hair loss can be seen 2-5 months after high fever diseases or surgical interventions.
- Stress-Induced Hair Loss
Some blood pressure medications, cholesterol-lowering drugs, tyrode hormone-lowering drugs, birth control pills, some medications used in psychiatry, vitamin A and some derivative drugs may cause hair loss. Hair loss itself can also increase the level of stress and cause a vicious cycle. Hair loss, which lasts more than 2 months in particular, should be taken into consideration and a specialist should be consulted considering that there may be different underlying diseases.
- Hair Loss Due To Dental CariesThe cause of sudden hairbreak and hair loss may have an effect on the hair, which is the decay in the teeth, and therefore infections. The immune mechanism, which fights against bacteria that enters the body with dental disorders, can also damage its own healthy body cells. In this case, the immune system affects the hair follicles and causes hair loss. For this reason, it is necessary to be examined by the dentist in order to treat tooth decay and therefore prevent hair loss.
- Hair Loss in Men
Hair loss is more common in men than in women. Hair loss is higher in men than women, 5 alpha reductase enzymes that lead to shedding are less likely to be in women’s body structure. In women, this enzyme is more aromatase enzyme instead. Women can be considered unlucky in this regard because the products sold on the market are aimed at men, as men are more affected by the problem of hair loss. Because of the aromatase enzyme, these products can’t be effective in women. However, since hair transplantation methods have progressed considerably, men and women will be the solution to everyone experiencing this problem.
- Hair Loss in Men
- Hair Loss in Women
Genetic factors are the most common cause of hair loss in women. Due to these factors, the hair is thin and tends to fall out. This situation can lead to problems that can lead to baldness in the later stages.
Withdrawal of anemia due to iron deficiency, hormonal imbalances, a stressful life, thyroid hormone problems, postpartum, pregnancy, breastfeeding period, menopause process, use of birth control pills increased hair loss in women periods. Factors such as perma, relay and blow-bit in frequent dye ingestions to the hair cause hair loss in women.
- How to Prevent Hair Loss?
In the treatment of hair loss, diagnosis should be made correctly first. First of all, it is necessary to learn the causes of hair loss and the type of shedding. With dermatologist examination, appropriate treatment is planned by determining the factors that lead to spillage. People experiencing hair loss should avoid hair care products that can damage the hair and scalp. It is especially important that they switch to a diet rich in protein. If the spill is caused by vitamin deficiencies, the missing vitamin should be replaced. In hair loss due to thyroid or a different disease, a path should be followed primarily for the treatment of the disease.
There are many different treatment methods to prevent hair loss. These are;
FDA-approved drugs that prevent hair loss and thicken existing hair can be used under physician control. Drug therapy can be useful to prevent newly started mild-to-moderate hair loss in areas where hair is thinner and weakened. Effect of drugs; increasing the number of hair, thickening the thinned hair and preventing further loss of hair.
Drug treatment has no effect or very little effect on full hair loss in the front and upper parts of the head. Hair root cells die in full hair loss and cannot produce new hair. No drug is useful for removing new hair at this stage.
- Hair Mesotherapy
Hair mesotherapy is an effective treatment method that is used quite often in hair loss. Hair mesotherapy involves the process of injecting vitamins, antioxidants, minerals and circulatory regulatory substances into the scalp with micro needles, which are necessary for hair to grow and develop healthy. Injecting is provided at intervals of approximately 1 cm. Afterwards, massages are applied to the scalp.
Hair mesotherapy, which can be easily applied to both men and women, should be performed as 5-10 sessions in the environment with a break of 5 days. No pain, pain is felt during the application. Hair mesotherapy can be applied every year in the form of a cure. Sometimes monthly support can continue in the form of reinforcements. In this way, hair loss is stopped and new stronger hair is allowed to come out. From the first session of hair mesotherapy, differences can be felt, and hair can get the old vibrant and bright appearance.
- PRP Hair Treatment
PRP process, which is the most effective method for people with hair loss problems, is also performed by taking the patient’s own blood and passing it through certain procedures. Here, the part called fibroblast, which will feed the roots, provide its development, is divided and injected into the spillarea. This method is very effective especially in genetic spills. Hair mesotherapy can also be applied in combination with PRP to those with genetic loss.
- Hair Transplantation
Hair transplantation can be applied especially to people with male pattern hair loss. Male pattern hair loss develops genetically with the effect of the male hormone in individuals who are prone to this. Cells that produce hair around the hair follicle die over time due to this hormone. Thus, the hair thins first, then begins to grow unemitable and eventually falls completely. Hair transplantation is the most precise and permanent form of treatment in patients with this condition.
Why Does Hair Loss occur in children?
Although hair loss occurs at an advanced age, it can also be seen in children due to stress and certain diseases.
Hair loss in children is usually caused by “Alopecia Areata”, which is popularly known as “hair breaker”. This disorder, which can be seen in both boys and boys, can continue throughout adolescence. Such spills are manifested as circular spills of 1-2 inches in diameter. If it’s late in treatment, all hair at the head of the child may even spill out of the eyelashes. Hereditary hair loss can also be seen in children with hair loss in their family. Common in girls; Firmly collecting hair, knitting firmly, scanning hard can also cause hair to weaken and fall out.
In addition, ‘tricotilomania’, known as ‘hair breakout’ disease, can also cause hair loss in children. The child with hair breakout disease can pull off his hair and eyebrows. Hair breakout, which is a psychological disorder, can be eliminated with expert help.
As in adults, various vitamin deficiencies, hormonal irregularities, as well as some diseases can also cause hair loss in children. Therefore, regular checks should be carried out and the deficiencies that cause hair loss should be eliminated and diseases should be treated.
- Take Care for Healthy Hair
It is necessary to make some adjustments to routine habits to prevent hair loss, to make hair grow healthy and look alive. These can be listed as follows:
You should stay away from unconscious diets.
If you want to diet, you have to do it under doctor’s supervision. You should avoid carbohydrate-heavy diet. You should take care of protein-weighted nutrition. You should make regular eating habits your lifestyle.
You should pay attention to your sleep hours.
Regular sleep is very important to prevent hair loss.
You have to stay out of stress.
You have to replace vitamin deficiency.
You should consume foods containing zinc, B12, copper, folic acid.
You should not make a habit of smoking and alcohol use.
If possible, you should stay away from both of them.
You should place antioxidant foods (such as fruit and vegetables) on your table.
You should stay away from fast food-style eating habits.
You should not use recommended medications for your hair health outside expert control.
The loss of 50-100 hair spills per day is accepted within normal limits. If excessive hair loss occurs with visible thinning of the hair, you should consult a specialist dermatologist as soon as possible.